Transfer USDC on testnet from Ethereum to Avalanche

Explore this script to transfer USDC on testnet between two EVM-compatible chains.

To get started with CCTP, follow the example script provided here. The example uses web3.js to transfer USDC from a wallet address on Ethereum Sepolia testnet to another wallet address on Avalanche Fuji testnet.


Interactive Tutorial with Web3 Services

If you are new to building smart contracts, check out our interactive tutorial where you can transfer USDC using Circle's Web3 Services: Smart Contract Platform and Programmable Wallets.

The script has 5 steps:

  1. In this first step, you initiate a transfer of USDC from one blockchain to another, and specify the recipient wallet address on the destination chain. This step approves the Ethereum Sepolia TokenMessenger contract to withdraw USDC from the provided Ethereum Sepolia wallet address.
const approveTx = await usdcEthContract.methods.approve(ETH_TOKEN_MESSENGER_CONTRACT_ADDRESS, amount).send({gas: approveTxGas})
  1. In this second step, you facilitate a burn of the specified amount of USDC on the source chain. This step executes depositForBurn function on the Ethereum Sepolia TokenMessenger contract deployed on Sepolia testnet.
const burnTx = await ethTokenMessengerContract.methods.depositForBurn(amount, AVAX_DESTINATION_DOMAIN, destinationAddressInBytes32, USDC_ETH_CONTRACT_ADDRESS).send();
  1. In this third step, you make sure you have the correct message and hash it. This step extracts messageBytes emitted by MessageSent event from depositForBurn transaction logs and hashes the retrieved messageBytes using the keccak256 hashing algorithm.
const transactionReceipt = await web3.eth.getTransactionReceipt(burnTx.transactionHash);
const eventTopic = web3.utils.keccak256('MessageSent(bytes)')
const log = transactionReceipt.logs.find((l) => l.topics[0] === eventTopic)
const messageBytes = web3.eth.abi.decodeParameters(['bytes'],[0]
const messageHash = web3.utils.keccak256(messageBytes);
  1. In this fourth step, you request the attestation from Circle, which provides authorization to mint the specified amount of USDC on the destination chain. This step polls the attestation service to acquire the signature using the messageHash from the previous step.


Rate Limit

The attestation service rate limit is 10 requests per second. If you exceed 10 requests per second, the service blocks all API requests for the next 5 minutes and returns an HTTP 429 response.

let attestationResponse = {status: 'pending'};
while(attestationResponse.status != 'complete') {
    const response = await fetch(`${messageHash}`);
    attestationResponse = await response.json()
    await new Promise(r => setTimeout(r, 2000));
  1. In this final step, you enable USDC to be minted on the destination chain. This step calls the receiveMessage function on the Avalanche Fuji MessageTransmitter contract to receive USDC at the Avalanche Fuji wallet address.
const receiveTx = await avaxMessageTransmitterContract.receiveMessage(receivingMessageBytes, signature);